Cell therapy

Cell therapy refers to the transfer of cells into a patient with the goal of improving a disease. The cells may be from the patient (autologous) or from a donor (allogenic). Types of cell therapies include blood transfusions, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT; also called bone marrow transplant), and gene modified cell therapy.

Gene-modified cell therapy involves removing cells from a patient’s body, in order to introduce a new gene or correct a faulty gene in vitro. The modified cells are then put back into the body. An example of this approach is chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy. In CAR-T cell therapy, a gene is introduced to the patient’s T cells, which are a kind of immune cell, in vitro using a vector. The additional gene changes the T-cells in a way that enables them to recognize and attack specific cancer cells.

Sourced From
American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy Gene Therapy 101: Different Approaches
American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy: Gene and Cell Therapy FAQ’s
Learn More
NCATS Toolkit for Patient-Focused Therapy Development: Genetic Therapeutics
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Dictionary of Cancer Terms

Synonyms:
Cell replacement therapy; Cellular therapy
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